About Me

My Photo
Lift your lamp beside the golden door, Break not the golden rule, avoid well the golden calf, know; not all that glitters is gold, and laissez faire et laissez passer [let do and let pass] but as a shining sentinel, hesitate not to ring the bell, defend the gates, and man the wall

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Reference Library Queue

Adam Smith's Lectures on Jurisprudence, page 315-216 of 641, "a tax equal to half or third of their substance." March 24, 1762 - PDF

John Adams to Zabdiel Adams, 'plan and speculate for liberty, June 21, 1776

Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments, [First Amendment] by James Madison, 1785
From Thomas Jefferson to Edward Carrington, May 27. 1788
Full text of The writings of Benjamin Franklin: 1514 OF THE PAPER MONEY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, April 17, 1790


History World: Negro Slavery In America, Its Introduction by Law, Author: Sir Arthur Helps, 1875ish


Wikipedia: The Abolition of Man 1943
EconLib.org: The Use of Knowledge in Society by F.A. Hayek 1945
RADIO: Destination Freedom June 27, 1948
Strangers on a Train by Patricia Highsmith 1950
Atlas Shrugged: John Galt’s Speech, by Ayn Rand, October 10, 1957
Libertarianism.org: Wendy McElroy: Feminist History Revisited, Dagny’s Freedom Festival in Englewood, California in 1985
History of War: The Taliban 1994

University of Virginia: Sexual Misconduct in Plymouth Colony by Lisa M. Lauria, 1998




FrontPage Magazine: The Hypocrisy of Noam Chomsky By Keith Windschuttle, May 02, 2003

FrontPage Magazine: Grover Norquist, A Troubling Influence, Dec 09, 2003


Front Page Magazine: John Quincy Adams Knew Jihad, By Andrew G. Bostom, September 29, 2004


Heritage: Who Are the Recruits? The Demographic Characteristics of U.S. Military Enlistment, 2003-2005

TownHall: The tragedy of Africa: Part II by Thomas Sowell Jul 13, 2005


Mises.org: What Empiricism Can’t Tell Us and Rationalism Can, by Mark R. Crovelli JANUARY 26, 2006

David Friedman.com: The Maori people and Their Legal System by Alissa Strong, May 2006




Lord Christopher Monckton Speaking in St. Paul, debunking global warming, Oct 21, 2009


Roger Pearse: Abd Al Latif’s Account of Egypt and the destruction of the library of Alexandria by Roger Pearse, September 10th, 2010


Evid3nc3: 3.3.3 Atheism: A History of God (Part 1) Jan 7, 2011

NPR: The Twilight Of The Big Bang SEPTEMBER 13, 2011


Mises.org: What Is a Scientific Theory? by Mark R. Crovelli, Jan 6, 2012

CNS News: Obama: Americans Including Catholics Will Still Be Forced to Buy Coverage for Sterilization, Contraception, Abortifacients, February 10, 2012

The Blaze: Beck's Europe Trip Sets the Stage for Religious Freedom Coalition & Tea Party Movement, Feb. 20, 2012

Mises.org: Hayek and Praxeology, by Adam Knott, Nov 13, 2012


The Jewish Press: The Land without Muslims, By: Dr. Mordechai Kedar May 19th, 2013

5 Ways Liberalism Destroyed Detroit - by John Hawkinsm, July 30 2013
Liberty without Apologies: Liberty and Privilege, August 19, 2013
Salon.com: Our Founding Fathers included Islam, OCT 5, 2013
A History The Islamic Jihad on Christian Nuns: A History, Dec. 11, 2013

Liberty Without Apologies: The Marxist Assault on Western Liberalism, Dec 20, 2013 

Mark Levin Actually Endorses Nullification by Ben Swann By Michael Lotfi Jan 8, 2014
Reason: The Myth of Economic Immobilityby Greg Beato, May 2014
Prager University: War on Boys by Christina Hoff Sommers May 19, 2014
Libertarianism.org: Excursions, Playlist, by George H. Smith. Narrated by James Foster, Aug 6, 2014-
Forbes: Obamacare Has Failed To Collapse, But Its Premiums Continue To Climb, Sept 14, 2014
ACLU: The Constitution in the 100-Mile Border Zone, September 15, 2014
Rare: This Ted Cruz bill gives shocking new powers to Obama?, September 19, 2014

Mises.org: The Intolerance Behind Elizabeth Warren's 11 Commandments of Progressivism, by William L. Anderson, Aug 16, 2014

Analytical Freedom: A Guide To Social Justice, Part 1: Debunking Privilege, Sept 25, 2014
Ijreview: 11 Things No One Ever Takes the Time to Point Out About the Koch Brothers, Oct 2014
Reuters: Obama vetoes Keystone XL pipeline, Nov 14, 2014
Breitbart.com: The Sexodus Part 1 The Men Giving up on Women and Checking out of Society, Dec 4, 2014

ZeroHedge: “Careening Toward A New and Different Kind Of Civil War” 12/08/2014
Breitbart.com: The Sexodus Part 2 Dishonest Feminist Panics Leave Male Sexuality in Crisis, Dec 09, 2014


American Thinker: Whatever Happened to Phonics?, Jan 2015

American Thinker: Articles: No Room for Parody Jan 2015

Washington Free Beacon: Admin to Force Companies to Disclose Ratio of CEO-to-Worker Pay, BY: Elizabeth Harrington, January 5, 2015

Forbes: ‘97% Of Climate Scientists Agree’ Is 100% Wrong, Jan 06, 2015 - Poor Richard’s News
Forbes: ‘97% Of Climate Scientists Agree’ Is 100% Wrong Jan 06, 2015

Religion News: Persecution of Christians reached historic levels in 2014. Will 2015 be worse? Jan 7, 2015

National Review: The Black Brunch Brats, by MICHELLE MALKIN January 7, 2015

Poor Richard’s News: Michelle Malkin Lays Waste to the Race Bting January 7, 2015

The Blaze: Islam is the Most Violent Religion in the World, But Let’s Keep Calling it ‘Peaceful’ Anyway, Jan. 7, 2015

The Federalist: Men Without Chests: How C.S. Lewis Predicted Charlie Hebdo, Jan 8, 2015

The Blaze: The 7 Things Obama Isn’t Telling You When He Brags About Reducing the Budget Deficit, Jan 9, 2015

Telegraph: Boko Haram is now a mini-Islamic State, with its own territory Jan 10, 2015

The Daily Caller: Muslim Clerk At Paris Kosher Store Saved Jewish Lives, Jan 10, 2015

CNN: Terror cells activated in France, Jan 10, 2015

The Guardian: Huge crowds gather for Paris unity rally, Jan 11, 2015

Politico: Maher doubles down on Islam in wake of Paris attacks by Lucy McCalmont, Jan 12, 2015

WHNT: ALICE program arms children with cans books to fight off classroom intruders, BY DREW GALLOWAY JAN 12, 2015

Jihad Watch: Charlie Hebdo mass murderer and underwear bomber were friends, went to mosque together, Jan 12, 2015

The Hollywood Reporter: CNN is upping its efforts to include unmanned aerial vehicles into its newsgathering, by Michael O’Connell, Jan 12, 2015

Charisma News: Defying Atheists, State Wants to Make the Bible Its Official Book, Jan 13, 2015

Reason: Child Services Still Hounding Couple Who Let Their Kids Play Outside Jan 14, 2015

The Daily Caller: Lerner Tried To Cover Up Targeting Scandal Jan 14, 2015

Daily Caller: VA Inspector General: We Do Lots of Secret Reports Jan 15, 2015

GlennBeck.com: I have not experienced a movie like this before: Glenn reviews American Sniper, Jan 15, 2015

WashPo: The story of the Obama presidency, as told in 510 Gallup headlines Jan 16, 2015

TPNN: Allen West: Al Sharpton Says Oscars are ‘Too White.’ I Say the NBA is ‘Too Black.’ Jan 16, 2015

American Thinker: Dem congresswoman speaks the truth about the threat of Islam, Jan 17, 2015

Townhall: More Evidence against Big-Spending Keynesian Economics by Daniel J. Mitchell, Jan 17, 2015

TPNN: No Joke: Obama to Pay for ‘Free’ Community College by DOUBLE-TAXING Students Who Saved for College, by Greg Campbell, Jan 18, 2015

IBT: ISIS Cruelty Graphically Revealed in Gay Man’s Rooftop Execution by Dinesh D’Souza Jan 18, 2015

Breitbart.com: No Longer Nameless: Operation Choke Point Closing A Gun Store Near You? by AWR Hawkins Jan 18, 2015

American Thinker: Why the Left Wants Conservatives to View Francis as a Liberal, January 18, 2015

American Enterprise Institute: Sexual Assault Myths Part 1, Jan 21, 2015

Breitbart.com: Obama Leaked Mossad Report to Embarrass Netanyahu, Jan 22, 2015

The Blaze: Glenn Beck Has Made a Unique Offer to Pope Francis | Video, Jan 22, 2015 

TruthRevolt: Firewall with Bill Whittle; Number One with a Bullet, Highest Per Capita Gun vs Murder Rates Jan 23, 2015

American Enterprise Institute: Sexual Assault Myths Part 2, Jan 26, 2015

Rocking MrE: Sexual Orientation Propaganda War Jan 25, 2015

Prager University: How Dark Were The Dark Ages? Jan 26, 2015

PragerUniversity How Dark Were the Dark Ages? Jan 26, 2015

American Enterprises Institute: Sexual assault myths: Part 2, Jan 26, 2015

CBS: How Uber’s Autonomous Cars Will Destroy 10 Million Jobs And Reshape The Economy, Jan 27, 2015 

Breitbart.com: Exclusive: California DMV Ordered to Overlook Identity Theft by Illegals, by Adelle Nazarian, Jan 27, 2015

FrontPage Magazine: Ted Cruz’s Expatriate Terrorist Act is Constitutional and Necessary, by Daniel Greenfield January 28, 2015

Washington Times: Hillary Clinton undercut on Libya war by Pentagon and Congress, secret tapes reveal, Jan 28, 2015

Fee.org: #42 – “Jesus Christ Was a Progressive Because He Advocated Income Redistribution to Help the Poor” : The Freeman, by Lawrence W. Reed, Jan 30, 2015 

American Thinker: Whose history and whose talking points are these? Feb 2015

American Thinker: FOIA Request reveals ‘shadow’ work permit system not authorized by law adding millions to labor force, Feb 2015

Poor Richard’s News: An open letter to Tumblr about Net Neutrality, Feb 2015

IjReview: What States are the Freest? This Map Shows Americans Where to Go If They Crave Liberty, Feb 2015

Daily Caller: CDC Shocker: Fudged Black Autism Report, Feb 3, 2015

CNS News: Santorum: Religious Liberty is Slipping—But Media Doesn’t Report It, Feb 5, 2015

The Blaze: 'Your Argument Makes No Sense’: Beck’s Question for Obama After Controversial Prayer Breakfast Speech Feb 6, 2015
The fiddling with temperature data is the biggest science scandal ever By Christopher Booker, Feb 07, 2015
The Blaze: Obama Demonizes Christians to Exonerate Islamic State Atrocities, Feb. 9, 2015

The Blaze: An Islam scholar politely unloads on President Obama terrible deeds in the name of Christ remarks, Feb. 9, 2015

PragerUniversity: Does Science Argue for or against God? Feb 9, 2015

The Blaze: When the Press and the Government Work Together, it Looks Like Vox’s ‘Interview’ with Obama Feb 9, 2015

The Blaze: Even if Obama Never Said ‘I Will Stand With Muslims,’ It’s Exactly What He Meant Feb 9, 2015
BlogJob: How Wikipedia Uses False Information To Defame #GamerGate, February 11, 2015

Breitbart.com: ISIS Beheads 21 Christians, Promises To Conquer Rome, By Allah’s Permission Feb 15, 2015

Poynter: Newsrooms face mental health challenge amid surge of graphic footage, Feb. 16, 2015

NY Daily News: Senator wants to ban machete possession in NY, Feb 19, 2015

MRCTV: Muslim Mayor: I Cannot Accept that Poverty Leads to Terrorism, If You Do Not Like Western Values, F*** Off, Leave! Feb 20, 2015 

Newsbusters: Shock: NBC Expert Points Out That Jihadis Aren’t Necessarily Disaffected or Unemployed, By Matthew Balan | February 20, 2015

GlennBeck.com: Did Muslims play a role in the founding of the country? Here’s what David Barton found, Feb 20, 2015

Discover The Networks: Remembering Malcolm X Fifty Years Later By Daniel Pipes, Feb 21, 2015

Truth Revolt: 8th Grader Gets ‘A’ for Saying Republicans are Destroying ‘Pathway to Citizenship’, “Democrats want immigrants to come in and Republicans don’t.” Feb 21, 2015

Daily Caller: Activist Paul Gorski Teaches Feminist Animal Rights Course At George Mason University Feb 21, 2015

Reason: The People Want Tiny Houses. Zoning Boards, Not So Much, Feb. 22, 2015

WashPo: Walker’s anti-union law has labor reeling in Wisconsin, February 22, 2015

American Thinker: Reformist Muslims were banned from White House Conference on Violent Extremism (by nobody in particular) February 22, 2015

American Thinker: David Axelrod busted on lie about his father’s Communist Party membership, Feb 22, 2015

The Blaze: See What Happened When Hundreds of Muslims Surrounded a Synagogue to Show the True Face of Islam, Feb. 22, 2015

The Daily Caller: CNN Contributor: I’m Gay. And I Want My Kid To Be Gay, Too 02/22/2015

CNS News: Texas Governor: Since Jan. 1, We Have Had More Than 20,000 People Come Across the Border, Feb 23, 2015

Truth Revolt: The 10 Worst Anti-Semitic Campuses Feb 23, 2015

National Review: Question for the NYT: If Gays Are Offended, Do Christians Have Rights? February 23, 2015

The Blaze: Justice Dept. Closes Civil Rights Investigation Against George Zimmerman in Trayvon Martin Case, Feb 24, 2015

The Blaze: Senior State Department Counterterrorism Director Arrested For Allegedly Soliciting Minor Feb 24, 2015

The Free Thought Project: Secret Police Facility/Black Site Discovered Inside America, Detaining Torturing Americans By Jay Syrmopoulos on February 24, 2015

Heritage: Federalism and Freedom: Orestes Brownson’s Case for the Federal Constitution, By Robert E. Moffit, Ph.D. February 25, 2015

The Blaze: Maker of a Machine That Produces AR-15 Part: FedEx Is Refusing to Ship My Product, Feb 25, 2015

The Federalist: Ten Reasons People Still Need Cursive, Feb 25, 2015

Glenn Beck: Mark Cuban lays out why net neutrality is so terrible Feb 25, 2015

National Review: HillaryĆ¢€™s Top Aides Knew from First Minutes that Benghazi Was a Terrorist Attack, E-mails Disclose by ANDREW MCCARTHY Feb 26, 2015

Daily Mail: Lone Survivor taunts The American Sniper’s Murderer “You thought you had PTSD before? Wait until the boys find out you killed a hero” February 26, 2015

The Verge: Sex Box: A television show where people have sex in a box Feb 26, 2015

Mises.org: Praxeology methodology austrian economics By Chris Plante on February 26, 2015

Charisma News: Government Engages in KGB-Type Harassment in Christian Churchcharismanews.com, Feb 26, 2015

Debka: Cairo court rules Hamas are terrorists February 28, 2015

Philosophy Now Issue 46: Newton’s Flaming Laser Sword, Feb/Mar 2015

Wikipedia: Mike Alder - Newton’s Flaming Laser Sword

Atlas Shrugs: Iran endorses nuclear EMP attack on United States while Obama clings to preposterous argument by Pamela Geller, March 2015

The Atlantic: What ISIS Really Wants, March 2015

ijreview: He Was Trying To Defend Hillary, But James Carville May Have Just Confirmed She Broke the Law, March 2015

Weekly Standard: The Transgender Triumph, MAR 2, 2015

NYT: Hillary Clinton Used Personal Email at State Dept., Possibly Breaking Rules March 3, 2015

Breitbart.com: CA Handgun Sales Skyrocket, Gun-Related Homicides Plummet, by AWR HAWKINS4 March 4, 2015

Dinesh D’Souza: NYT? What Happened in Ferguson? Mar 06, 2015

CNS News: DNI Confirmed That 116 Former Gitmo Detainees Returned to Terror/Insurgencies March 7, 2015

The Washington Post: Russia’s anti-American fever goes beyond the Soviet era’s March 8, 2015

FN: Former SEALs chaplain could be kicked out of Navy for Christian beliefs, March 09, 2015

Top Right News: Unarmed Black Teenager in Wisconsin Shooting Was Robbery Convict Who Violently Attacked Officer March 9, 2015

FN: Former SEALs chaplain could be kicked out of Navy for Christian beliefs March 09, 2015

LifeNews.com: Supreme Court Says Obama Admin Can’t Make Notre Dame Obey Pro-Abortion HHS Mandate, MAR 9, 2015

The Federalist: Bribes Disguised As Charitable Gifts: Hillary Clinton’s Legal Trouble, By Mollie Hemingway MARCH 9, 2015

Fox Nation: San Francisco Demands Catholic Schools Stop Teaching Catholic Doctrine March 09, 2015

FN: Palin: I faced tough questions over email, so should Hillary Clinton, March 09, 2015

The Blaze: The Article Five Solution, Demystifying a Dusty Tool, Mar. 9, 2015

The Blaze: Republicans send letter to Iran amid nuke talks teaching them about two features of our Constitution Mar. 9, 2015

Daily Signal: Meet the 19th Century American Who Warned About Big Government, Religious Liberty Assaults March 09, 2015

PJ Media: First Lois Lerner, Then Hillary Clinton, Now Eric Holder. How Corrupt Is This Administration? March 11, 2015

Daily Caller: Study Claims Polite Men May Be Benevolent Sexists, 03/11/2015

American Thinker: Minority Liberal Ideology Drives Majority Climate Science By Anthony J. Sadar, March 11, 2015

The Blaze: Texas Principal Comes Under Fire for Reading Daily Bible Scripture; Superintendent’s Response to Atheist Group Is Epitome of Defiant Mar. 11, 2015

American Thinker: Harvard study: global warming may end threat of mummies, By Pedro Gonzales, March 11, 2015

CNS News: Ferguson manager is 5th out after DOJ report alleging bias, March 11, 2015

American Thinker: The Lies of White Privilege By Francis X. Ryan, March 11, 2015

American Thinker: HuffPo: Polygamy the key to a happy monogamous marriage By Pedro Gonzales March 11, 2015

HuffPo: 2 Police Officers Shot During Ferguson Protest 03/12/2015

Cleveland lawmaker seeks ban on all imitation guns in Ohio, March 12, 2015

Breitbart.com: Superintendent Confirms Common Core’s Pearson is Spying on kids’ Social Media Accounts, March 15 2015

The Blaze: Beck: This Is How Europe Could Become a Union of Fascistic States in a Battle Between Russia and the Islamic State, Mar. 16, 2015

The Federalist: Dear Gay Community: Your Kids Are Hurting, MARCH 17, 2015

CNS: FCC Chairman Concedes Future Internet Tax Is Possible After All, March 17, 2015

Reuters: As tensions with Russia spiral, where is NATO? March 17, 2015

The Blaze: Inmate Nervous on First Night, Asks for Bible, is given Porn, March 18, 2015

WND: Secret Iranian handbook calls for EMP attack on America March 19, 2015

Washington Examiner: Iran endorses nuclear EMP attack on United States BY PAUL BEDARD MARCH 19, 2015

WashPo: Hand’s Up Don’t Shoot did not happen in Ferguson, March 19, 2015

Turlock City News: University Bans Christian Organization for Religious Discrimination, Chi Alpha Seeking Reinstatement, March 20, 2015

The Blaze: Glenn Beck’s Brutal Open Letter to Karl Rove and the GOP, The Spine of a Worm, the Ethics of Whores and the Integrity of Pirates, Mar. 21, 2015

National Review: The Real Price of Lies, March 22, 2015

WSJ: The Yemen Meltdown, March 22, 2015

Ted Cruz’s 2016 Campaign Launch, March 23, 2015

WSJ: Google averages a White House meeting a week during Obama administration By BRODY MULLINS March 24, 2015

WCSH6: 9,000 Mainers lose food stamps under enforcement of rules March 24, 2015

Wired: Scientists Hack Plants With Nanotubes to Supercharge Photosynthesis, March 24, 2014

American Thinker: The Old Man and the Sea of Black Mob Violence By Colin Flaherty, March 26, 2015


INVESTIGATING ALLAH: ALLAAH - WHO IS HE, religious study on Allah, Allah Christianity and Islam 00-00-0000

Answering Muslims: Does Allah Love Unbelievers? 00-00-0000

Answering Islam: “Love” in the Quran 00-00-0000

Richard III Society: The Use of Power and Influence by a Medieval Woman by Tina Cooper, 00-00-0000 

Quest for Fire
1 Million BC

Sunday, August 25, 2013

Benjamin Franklin's The Way to Wealth 1758

[The classic Franklin summary of his advice from Poor Richard's Almanac.]
In 1732 I first published my Almanac under the name of Richard Saunders; it was continued by me about twenty-five years, and commonly called Poor Richard's Almanac. I endeavoured to make it both entertaining and useful, and it accordingly came to be in such demand, that I reaped considerable profit from it, vending annually near ten thousand. And observing that it was generally read, (scarce any neigbbourbood in the province being without it,) I considered it as a proper vehicle for conveying instruction among the common people, who bought Scarcely any other books. I therefore filled all the little spaces, that occurred between the remarkable days in the Calendar, with proverbial sentences, chiefly such as inculcated industry and frugality, as the means of procuring wealth, and thereby securing virtue; it being more difficult for a man in want to act always honestly, as (to use here one of those proverbs) It is hard for an empty sack to stand upright"
Courteous Reader,

I have heard, that nothing gives an author so great pleasure as to find his works respectfully quoted by others. Judge, then, how much I must have been gratified by an incident I am going to relate, to you. I stopped my horse lately, where a great number of people were collected at an auction of merchants' goods. The hour of the sale not being come, they were conversing on the badness of the times; and one of the company called to a plain, clean, old man, with white locks, "Pray, Father Abraham, what think you of the times? Will not these heavy taxes quite ruin the country? How shall we ever be able to pay them? What would you advise us to?" Father Abraham stood up, and replied, "If you would have my Advice, I will give it you in short; for A word to the wise is enough., as Poor Richard says." They joined in desiring him to speak his mind, and gathering round him, he proceeded as follows.

"Friends," said he, "the taxes are indeed very heavy, and, if those laid on by the government were the only ones we had to pay, we might more easily discharge them; but we have many others, and much more grievous to some of us. We are taxed twice as much by our idleness, three times as much by our pride, and four times as much by our folly; and from these taxes the commissioners cannot ease or deliver us, by allowing an abatement. However, let us hearken to good advice, and something may be done for us; God helps them that help themselves, as Poor Richard says.

"I. It would be thought a hard government, that should tax its people one-tenth part of their time, to be employed in its service; but idleness taxes many of us much more; sloth, by bringing on diseases, absolutely shortens life. Sloth, like rust, consumes faster than labor wears; while the used key is always bright, as Poor Richard says. But dost thou love life, then do not squander time, for that is the stuff life is made of, as Poor Richard says. How much more than is necessary do we spend in sleep, forgetting, that The sleeping fox catches no poultry, and that There will be sleeping enough in the grave, as Poor Richard says.

"If time be of all things the most precious, wasting time must be, as Poor Richard says, the greatest prodigality; since, as he elsewhere tells us, Lost time is never found again; and what we call time enough, always proves little enough. Let us then up and be doing, and doing to the purpose; so by diligence shall we do more with less perplexity. Sloth makes all things difficult, but industry all easy; and He that riseth late must trot all day, and shall scarce overtake his business at night; while Laziness travels so slowly, that Poverty soon overtakes him. Drive thy business, let not that drive thee; and Early to bed, and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise, as Poor Richard says.

"So what signifies wishing and hoping for better times? We may make these times better, if we bestir ourselves. Industry need not wish, and he that lives upon hopes will die fasting. There are no gains without pains; then help, hands, for I have no lands; or, if I have, they are smartly taxed. He that hath a trade hath an estate; and he that hath a calling, hath an office of profit and honor, as Poor Richard says; but then the trade must be worked at, and the calling followed, or neither the estate nor the office will enable us to pay our taxes. If we are industrious, we shall never starve; for, At the working man's house hunger looks in, but dares not enter. Nor will the bailiff or the constable enter, for Industry pays debts, while despair increaseth them. What though you have found no treasure, nor has any rich relation left you a legacy, Diligence is the mother of good luck, and God gives all things to industry. Then plough deep while sluggards sleep, and you shall have corn to sell and to keep. Work while it is called to-day, for you know not how much you may be hindered to-morrow. One, to-day is worth two to-morrows, as Poor Richard says; and further, Never leave that till to-morrow, which you can do to-day. If you were a servant, would you not be, ashamed that a good master should catch you idle? Are you then your own master? Be ashamed to catch yourself idle, when there is so much to be done for yourself, your family, your country, and your king. Handle your tools without mittens; remember, that The cat in gloves catches no mice, as Poor Richard says. It is true there is much to be done, and perhaps you are weak-handed; but stick to it steadily, and you will see great effects; for Constant dropping wears away stones; and By diligence and patience the mouse ate in two the cable; and Little strokes fell great oaks.

"Methinks I hear some of you say, ‘Must a man afford himself no leisure?' I will tell thee, my friend, what Poor Richard says, Employ thy time well, if thou meanest to gain leisure; and, since thou art not sure of a minute, throw not away an hour. Leisure is time for doing something useful; this leisure the diligent man will obtain, but the lazy man never; for A life of leisure and a life of laziness are two things. Many, without labor, would live by their wits only, but they break for want of stock; whereas industry gives comfort, and plenty, and respect. Fly pleasures, and they will follow you. The diligent spinner has a large shift; and now I have a sheep and a cow, everybody bids me good morrow.

"II. But with our industry we must likewise be steady, settled, and careful, and oversee our own affairs with our own eyes, and not trust too much to others; . . . Trusting too much to others' care is the ruin of many; for In the affairs of this world men are saved, not by faith, but by the want of it; . . . .

"III. So much for industry, my friends, and attention to one's own business; but to these we must add frugality if we would make our industry more certainly successful. A man may, if he knows not bow to save as be gets, keep his nose all his life to the grindstone, and die not worth a groat at last.", A fat kitchen makes a lean will; and

Many estates are spent in the getting,
Since women for tea forsook spinning and knitting,
And men for punch forsook hewing and splitting.

If you would be wealthy, think of saving as well as of getting. The Indies have not made Spain rich, because her outgoes are greater than her incomes.

"Away then with your expensive follies, and you will not then have so much cause to complain of hard times, heavy taxes, and chargeable families; for

Women and wine, game and deceit,
Make the wealth small and the want great.

And further, What maintains one vice would bring up two children. You may think, perhaps, that a little tea, or a little punch now and then, -diet a little more costly, clothes a little finer, and a little' entertainment now and then, can be no great matter; but remember, Many a little makes a mickle. Beware of little expenses; A small leak will sink a great ship, as Poor Richard says and again, . . . .

Here you are all got together at this sale of fineries and knick-knacks. You call them goods; but, if you do not take care, they will prove evils to some of you. You expect they will be sold cheap, and perhaps they may for less than they cost; but, if you have no occasion for them, they must be dear to you. Remember what Poor Richard says; Buy what thou. hast no need of, and ere long thou shalt sell thy necessaries. . . . Many a one, for the sake of finery on the back, have gone with a hungry belly and half-starved their families. Silks and satins, scarlet and velvets, put out the kitchen fire, as Poor Richard says.

"These are not the necessaries of life; they can scarcely be called the conveniences; and yet, only because they look pretty, how many want to have them! By these, and other extravagances, the genteel are reduced to poverty, and forced to borrow of those whom they formerly despised, but who, through industry and frugality, have maintained their standing; in which case it appears plainly, that A ploughman on his legs is higher than a gentleman on his knees, as Poor Richard says. . . . But this they might have known before, if they had taken his advice. If you would know the value of money, go and try to borrow some; for, he that goes a borrowing goes a sorrowing, as Poor Richard says; . . . .

"But what madness must it be to run in debt for these superfluities? We are offered by the terms of this sale, six months' credit; and that, perhaps, has induced some of us to attend it, because we cannot spare the ready money, and hope now to be fine without it. But, ah! think what you do when, I you run I in debt you give to another power over your liberty. If you cannot pay at the time, you will be ashamed to see your creditor; you will be in fear when you speak to him; you will make poor, pitiful, sneaking excuses, and, by degrees, come to lose your veracity, and sink into base, downright lying; for The second vice is lying, the first is running in debt, as Poor Richard says; . . . .

"What would you think of that prince, or of that government, who should issue an edict forbidding you to dress like a gentleman or gentlewoman, on pain of imprisonment or servitude? Would you not say that you were free, have a right to dress as you please, and that such an edict would be a breach of your privileges, and such a government tyrannical? And yet you are about to put yourself under such tyranny, when you run in debt for such dress ! Your creditor has authority, at his pleasure, to deprive you of your liberty, by confining you in gaol till you shall be able to pay him. When you have got your bargain, you may, perhaps, think little of payment; but, as Poor Richard says, Creditors have better memories than debtors; creditors are a superstitious sect, great observers of set days and times. . . . .

"IV. This doctrine, my friends, is reason and wisdom; but, after all, do not depend too much upon your own industry, and frugality, and prudence, though excellent things; for they may all be blasted, without the blessing of Heaven; and, therefore, ask that blessing humbly, and be not uncharitable to those that at present seem to want it, but comfort and help them Remember, Job suffered, and was afterwards prosperous.

Source: The Works of Benjamin Franklin. Edited by Jared Sparks. Vol. 2. (Boston, 1836), 2:92-103.

Sunday, October 7, 2012

Thomas Jefferson's Letter to Isaac H. Tiffany, April 4, 1819

sir:—After thanking you for your comprehensive tabular chart of the governments of the United States, I must give you the answer which I am obliged to give to all who propose to me to replunge myself into political speculations, 'Senez sum, et levissimis curit' imparl I abandon politics, and accommodate "myself cheerfully to things as they go, confident "in the wisdom of those who direct them, and that they will be better and better directed in the progressive course of knowledge and experience. Our successors start on our shoulders. They know all that we know, and will add to that stock the discoveries of the next fifty years; and what will be their amount we may estimate from what the last fifty years have added to the "science of human concerns. The thoughts of others, as I find them on paper, are my amusement and delight; but the labors of the mind; in abstruse investigations are irksome and writing itself is become a slow and painful operation, occasioned by a stiffened wrist, the consequence of a former dislocation. I will however, essay the two definitions which you say are more particularly interesting at present: I mean those of the terms Liberty and Republic, aware, however, that they have been so multifariously applied as to convey no precise idea to the mind. Of Liberty, then, I would say, that in the whole plenitude of its extent, it is unobstructed action according to our will; but rightful liberty is unobstructed action according to our will within the limits drawn around us by the equal "rights of others. I do not add 'within the limits of the law,' because law is often but the tyrant's will, and always so when it violates the rights of an individual.
I will add, seoondly, that a pure Republic is "a state of society in which every member of ****re and sound mind, has an equal right of participation;, personally, in the direction of the affairs of the Society. Such a regimen is obviously impracticable beyond the limits of an encampment, or of a very small village. When numbers, distance, or force, oblige them to act by deputy, then their government continues republican in proportion only as the functions they still exercise in person are more or fewer, and as in those exercised by deputy the right of appointing their deputy is pro hac vice only, or for more or fewer purposes, or for shorter or longer terms.
If by the word Government you mean a classification of its forms, I must refer you for the soundest which has ever been given, to Tracey's Review of Montesquieu, the ablest political work which the last century of years has given us. It was translated from the original MS., and published by Duane, a few years ago, and "is since published in the original French at Paris. With my thanks for your chart accept the assurance of my great respect.

-Thomas Jefferson

The Historical Magazine and Notes and Queries, concerning the antiquities, History and Biography of America Vol II 1867 Pages 250-251

Wednesday, August 22, 2012

Jefferson's Letter To Edward Coles, August 25, 1814




-- Your favour of July 31, was duly received, and was read with peculiar pleasure. The sentiments breathed through the whole do honor to both the head and heart of the writer. Mine on the subject of slavery of negroes have long since been in possession of the public, and time has only served to give them stronger root. The love of justice and the love of country plead equally the cause of these people, and it is a moral reproach to us that they should have pleaded it so long in vain, and should have produced not a single effort, nay I fear not much serious willingness to relieve them & ourselves from our present condition of moral & political reprobation. From those of the former generation who were in the fulness of age when I came into public life, which was while on paper only, I soon saw that nothing was to be hoped. Nursed and educated in the daily habit of seeing the degraded condition, both bodily and mental, of those unfortunate beings, not reflecting that that degradation was very much the work of themselves & their fathers, few minds have yet doubted but that they were as legitimate subjects of property as their horses and cattle. The quiet and monotonous course of colonial life has been disturbed by no alarm, and little reflection on the value of liberty. And when alarm was taken at an enterprize on their own, it was not easy to carry them to the whole length of the principles which they invoked for themselves. In the first or second session of the Legislature after I became a member, I drew to this subject the attention of Col. Bland, one of the oldest, ablest, & most respected members, and he undertook to move for certain moderate extensions of the protection of the laws to these people. I seconded his motion, and, as a younger member, was more spared in the debate; but he was denounced as an enemy of his country, & was treated with the grossest indecorum. From an early stage of our revolution other & more distant duties were assigned to me, so that from that time till my return from Europe in 1789, and I may say till I returned to reside at home in 1809, I had little opportunity of knowing the progress of public sentiment here on this subject. I had always hoped that the younger generation receiving their early impressions after the flame of liberty had been kindled in every breast, & had become as it were the vital spirit of every American, that the generous temperament of youth, analogous to the motion of their blood, and above the suggestions of avarice, would have sympathized with oppression wherever found, and proved their love of liberty beyond their own share of it. But my intercourse with them, since my return has not been sufficient to ascertain that they had made towards this point the progress I had hoped. Your solitary but welcome voice is the first which has brought this sound to my ear; and I have considered the general silence which prevails on this subject as indicating an apathy unfavorable to every hope. Yet the hour of emancipation is advancing, in the march of time. It will come; and whether brought on by the generous energy of our own minds; or by the bloody process of St Domingo, excited and conducted by the power of our present enemy, if once stationed permanently within our Country, and offering asylum & arms to the oppressed, is a leaf of our history not yet turned over. As to the method by which this difficult work is to be effected, if permitted to be done by ourselves, I have seen no proposition so expedient on the whole, as that as emancipation of those born after a given day, and of their education and expatriation after a given age. This would give time for a gradual extinction of that species of labour & substitution of another, and lessen the severity of the shock which an operation so fundamental cannot fail to produce. For men probably of any color, but of this color we know, brought from their infancy without necessity for thought or forecast, are by their habits rendered as incapable as children of taking care of themselves, and are extinguished promptly wherever industry is necessary for raising young. In the mean time they are pests in society by their idleness, and the depredations to which this leads them. Their amalgamation with the other color produces a degradation to which no lover of his country, no lover of excellence in the human character can innocently consent. I am sensible of the partialities with which you have looked towards me as the person who should undertake this salutary but arduous work. But this, my dear sir, is like bidding old Priam to buckle the armour of Hector "trementibus aequo humeris et inutile ferruncingi." No, I have overlived the generation with which mutual labors & perils begat mutual confidence and influence. This enterprise is for the young; for those who can follow it up, and bear it through to its consummation. It shall have all my prayers, & these are the only weapons of an old man. But in the mean time are you right in abandoning this property, and your country with it? I think not. My opinion has ever been that, until more can be done for them, we should endeavor, with those whom fortune has thrown on our hands, to feed and clothe them well, protect them from all ill usage, require such reasonable labor only as is performed voluntarily by freemen, & be led by no repugnancies to abdicate them, and our duties to them. The laws do not permit us to turn them loose, if that were for their good: and to commute them for other property is to commit them to those whose usage of them we cannot control. I hope then, my dear sir, you will reconcile yourself to your country and its unfortunate condition; that you will not lessen its stock of sound disposition by withdrawing your portion from the mass. That, on the contrary you will come forward in the public councils, become the missionary of this doctrine truly christian; insinuate & inculcate it softly but steadily, through the medium of writing and conversation; associate others in your labors, and when the phalanx is formed, bring on and press the proposition perseveringly until its accomplishment. It is an encouraging observation that no good measure was ever proposed, which, if duly pursued, failed to prevail in the end. We have proof of this in the history of the endeavors in the English parliament to suppress that very trade which brought this evil on us. And you will be supported by the religious precept, "be not weary in well-doing."
That your success may be as speedy & complete, as it will be of honorable & immortal consolation to yourself, I shall as fervently and sincerely pray as I assure you of my great friendship and respect.

Edward Coles' Letter to which this was a respons to - http://dauthazbeechphagein.blogspot.com/2012/08/edward-coles-letter-to-jefferson.html

Edward Coles' letter to Jefferson, Fleeing Virginia to Free his Slaves & a Plea July 31, 1814

Washington July 31st 1814

Dear Sir

I never took up my pen with more hesitation or felt more embarrassment than I now do in addressing you on the subject of this letter. The fear of appearing presumptuous distresses me, and would deter me from venturing thus to call your attention to a subject of such magnitude, and so beset with difficulties, as that of a general emancipation of the Slaves of Virginia, had I not the highest opinion of your goodness and liberality, in not only excusing me for the liberty I take, but in justly appreciating my motives in doing so.

I will not enter on the right which man has to enslave his Brother man, nor upon the moral and political effects of Slavery on individuals or on Society; because these things are better understood by you than by me. My object is to entreat and beseech you to exert your knowledge and influence, in devising, and getting into operation, some plan for the gradual emancipation of Slavery. This difficult task could be less exceptionably, and more successfully performed by the revered Fathers of all our political and social blessings, than by any succeeding statesmen; and would seem to come with peculiar propriety and force from those whose valor wisdom and virtue have done so much in meliorating the condition of mankind. And it is a duty, as I conceive, that devolves particularly on you, from your known philosophical and enlarged view of subjects, and from the principles you have professed and practiced through a long and useful life, preeminently distinguished, as well by being foremost in establishing on the broadest basis the rights of man, and the liberty and independence of your Country, as in being throughout honored with the most important trusts by your fellow-citizens, whose confidence and love you have carried with you into the shades of old age and retirement. In the calm of this retirement you might, most beneficially to society, and with much addition to your own fame, avail yourself of that love and confidence to put into complete practice those hallowed principles contained in that renowned Declaration, of which you were the immortal author, and on which we bottomed our right to resist oppression, and establish our freedom and independence.

I hope that the fear of failing, at this time, will have no influence in preventing you from employing your pen to eradicate this most degrading feature of British Colonial policy, which is still permitted to exist, notwithstanding its repugnance as well to the principles of our revolution as to our free Institutions. For however highly prized and influential your opinions may now be, they will be still much more so when you shall have been snatched from us by the course of nature. If therefore your attempt should now fail to rectify this unfortunate evil—an evil most injurious both to the oppressed and to the oppressor—at some future day when your memory will be consecrated by a grateful posterity, what influence, irresistible influence will the opinions and writings of Thomas Jefferson have on all questions connected with the rights of man, and of that policy which will be the creed of your disciples. Permit me then, my dear Sir, again to intreat you to exert your great powers of mind and influence, and to employ some of your present leisure, in devising a mode to liberate one half of our Fellowbeings from an ignominious bondage to the other; either by making an immediate attempt to put in train a plan to commence this goodly work, or to leave human Nature the invaluable Testament—which you are so capable of doing—how best to establish its rights: So that the weight of your opinion may be on the side of emancipation when that question shall be agitated, and that it will be sooner or later is most certain—That it may be soon is my most ardent prayer—that it will be rests with you.

I will only add, as an excuse for the liberty I take in addressing you on this subject, which is so particularly interesting to me; that from the time I was capable of reflecting on the nature of political society, and of the rights appertaining to Man, I have not only been principled against Slavery, but have had feelings so repugnant to it, as to decide me not to hold them; which decision has forced me to leave my native state, and with it all my relations and friends. This I hope will be deemed by you some excuse for the liberty of this intrusion, of which I gladly avail myself to assure you of the very great respect and esteem with which I am, my dear Sir, your every sincere and devoted friend

Edward Coles

Jefferson's Reply to this letter - http://dauthazbeechphagein.blogspot.com/2012/08/jeffersons-letter-to-edward-coles.html